WOMEN’S VULNERABILITY TO CLIMATE CHANGE

NEWS DATA TERRA
Jody Davis - Pixabay

International Women’s Day is celebrated on March 8. It is an international day highlighting the fight for women’s rights and in particular for the end of inequalities.

Women’s vulnerability to climate change results from several social, economic and cultural factors. The first factor is the conditions of poverty. Of the 1.3 billion people living in conditions of poverty, 70% are women. In urban areas, 40% of the poorest households are headed by women. While women play a key role in global food production (50-80%), they own less than 10% of the land. Women are predominantly found among the 1.5 billion people who live on $1 a day or less according to the UN. Moreover, the gap grows  between women and men caught in the cycle of poverty. Worldwide, women earn, on average, just over 50% of what men earn. The majority of the world’s poor are therefore women. On a global scale, they are therefore the most affected by climate change.

IPCC experts highlights the importance of giving more power to women, who could change agricultural and consumption practices within families. Women are among the main victims of climate change, but also in the front line to fight against its effects thanks to their important place in agriculture. When creating and introducing technologies to mitigate the effects of climate change, funding agencies and donors should also take into account the specific situations of women and strive to remove the economic, social and cultural barriers that prevent women to benefit from and use them. Women’s participation in the development of new technologies can provide assurance that they will be responsive, appropriate and sustainable. At the national level, efforts should be made to mainstream gender into national policies and strategies as well as into projects related to sustainable development and climate change.

Science work within the DATA TERRA research infrastructure is directly linked to climate issues. Facilitating access to reliable space data, soil and in situ data related to the Earth system is a key challenge for DATA TERRA. Aimed at the scientific community as well as public and socio-economic players, multi-source data, products and services are accessible through a distributed infrastructure of data and services. Coordination and integration of Earth system global and local information is one of DATA TERRA’s major ambitions, on a national scale as well as on a European and international scale.